Mental Health and Wellness Peer Responses homework
Assignment ID Number AFFGEHU83939HD Type of Document Essay Writing Format APA/MLA/Harvard Academic Level Masters/University References/Sources 4 References
Peer #1 Laura (50 words each, MLA format)
A persons environment can affect mental health and wellness throughout his/her lifespan development. Environmental factors such as poverty, infrastructure, and local,
regional, and national policies can influence mental health (Juntunen & Schwartz, 2016). Likewise, to achieve mental health and wellness, it is important to understand how
choices that individuals make are often a response to the options that are available within the context of their environment. Further, individuals and their environment can
be adjusted and improved, individuals are affected by their environment, and the process of change occurs in a multidimensional capacity (Juntunen & Schwartz, 2016).
Some factors of influence can be foundational. These involve physical, environmental factors. This might include uncontrollable elements like noise, temperature, and
pollution. Interestingly, these factors can affect a persons mental health throughout his/her lifespan development. For example, if a person grows up in a polluted, noisy,
inner city environment, studies report that it quadruples the individuals chance of developing depression later in life (National Counseling Society, 2021). There are also
social factors that impact an individuals environment that can affect mental health and wellness.
For example, if individuals grows up in a culture or home where they experience or witness domestic violence, are regularly bullied, or abuse in their environment, this can
negatively affect their mental health and can continue throughout a lifespan (National Counseling Society, 2021). Likewise, growing up in a poverty-stricken environment
often restricts access to a nutritious diet, or limits educational and occupational opportunities. These factors can lead to mental health issues involving frustration,
excessive stress, and a poor self-esteem (National Counseling Society, 2021). As such, mental health workers need to understand the impact of the clients culture and
subculture when developing prevention approaches for that client. Its essential for mental health workers to become capable at initiating preventive approaches at
multiple points along the health prevention, promotion, and development continuum (Juntunen & Schwartz, 2016).
Likewise, as mental health workers continually develop cultural competence, it can help improve preventive ideas or methods that would offer successful, culturally
responsive treatment (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [SAMHSA], 2016). Understanding the impact of the clients culture influences the initial
point of contact, screening opportunities, assessment, cultural and linguistic competence, appropriate treatment options, and recovery support within a supportive
community (SAMHSA, 2016). Further, understanding the clients beliefs, experiences, and environments can help mental health workers best support the client throughout
the therapeutic process, understand their expected role, and recognize other substance-related, mental health issues that the client presents with (SAMHSA, 2016).
Juntunen, C.L. & Schwartz, J.P. (Eds). (2016). Counseling across the lifespan (2nd ed.). SAGE Publications, Inc. https://viewer.gcu.edu/V6W8wF
National Counseling Society. (2021). How your environment affects your mental health. https://nationalcounsellingsociety.org/blog/posts/how-your-environment-affects-
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services (SAMHSA). (2016). Improving cultural competence-based on TIP 59.
Peer #2 Clea
When looking at the Latinx Community it is important to understand their culture and how it impacts their mental health throughout their lifetime. The Hispanic community
values: faith, family and culture.So for many that are immersed in a society that doesnt match their beliefs/customs it can leave many feeling confused, stressed and
depressed. Latino students without a strong cultural identity are at high risk for depressive symptomatology and the most consistent indicators of mental well-being were
for those with a bicultural orientation. (Singer, M., Bulled, 2012). Having to immerse yourself in a new culture, plus hold tight to your own culture is not only confusing, but
can wear on your own self-ideation not knowing which culture you should value more.
Many Hispanic families also are fearful of the police, being deported, or being treated poorly due to language barriers/discrimmination, so many will not seek help when
needed. Latinos are less likely to utilize mental health services and, when they do, less likely to receive evidence-based treatments than are non-Latinos. (Cabassa, Zayas,
& Hansen, 2006; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2001). Therefore, it is important to create trusted people in their communities that they can reach out to
for help. Pastors, neighbors and those around them that are the most trusted will be the ones that they seek help from first. Being able to immerse yourself in their
communities will help you be able to gain trust, which in turn will help you provide mental health support.
When you live and grow up in a high stress home/community it leaves you always on high-alert, you are never able to let your guard down. So for children that witness and
deal with this on a daily basis it creates distrust for others and heavily weights on their coping mechanisms. It is possible that the psychological stress experienced by
Hispanics that is related to immigration or discrimination processes and their lack of access to skills and resources to cope with these stressors may lead to maladaptive
behaviors such as substance abuse, relationship conflict, risky sexual behaviors, and depression. (SAMHSA, 2021). To truly make an impact on the worldview of the Latinx
communities, we need to understand their culture, their customs and how discrimmination and biases are affecting their future generations and base prevention models
Carvajal, S. C., Hanson, C. E., Romero, A. J., & Coyle, K. K. (2002). Behavioural Risk Factors and Protective Factors in Adolescents: A Comparison of Latinos and Non-Latino
Whites. Ethnicity & Health, 7(3), 181193. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1080/1355785022000042015
Juntunen, C.L. & Schwartz, J.P. (Eds). (2016). Counseling across the lifespan (2nd ed.). SAGE Publications, Inc. https://viewer.gcu.edu/V6W8wF
Singer, M., Bulled, N., Ostrach, B., Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M., McCabe, B. E., Vermeesch, A. L., Cianelli, R., Florom-Smith, A. L., & Peragallo, N. (2012). Cultural Phenomena and
the Syndemic Factor: Substance Abuse, Violence, Hiv, and Depression among Hispanic Women. Annals of Anthropological Practice, 36(2), 212. https://doi-
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services (SAMHSA). (2021).Double Jeopardy: Covid 19 and Behavioral Health Disparities for Black and Latino Communities.
Peer # 3 Jamal
Being an individual that has a passion for studying mental health as it relates to inner city African-American communities, I understand how an individual’s environment
can affect his/her environment. As an individual from this community, I have seen first hand how lack of family, violence, and racial disparities that often home to black
communities can affect an individual further creating some sort of mental health issues like anxiety, depression, and substance abuse. Individuals with a higher
socioeconomic status per say have the ability to move out of environments that are damaging and have those broken window effects and into communities where quality
health and wellness agencies are more accessible and the probability of an individual being in the line of danger by just walking down the street is unlikely. Because
individuals do come from a variety of different backgrounds and cultures, it is important for mental health professionals to be mindful of that when developing prevention
approaches for a client. The text begins to speak on developmental theories and the fact that individuals’ environment can change. This makes it even more challenging for
mental health professionals because even though an individual may have overcome their environment, issues from that past environment may have everything to do with
their current mental health issues.
Juntunen, C. Shawrtz, J (2016) Counseling Across the Lifespan; prevention and treatment.(2) 2-17 https://viewer.gcu.edu/V6W8wF
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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