Miami Nationalism and Symbolism in Contemporary Israel Questions
Assignment ID Number AFFGEHU83939HD Type of Document Essay Writing Format APA/MLA/Harvard Academic Level Masters/University References/Sources 4 References
Please answer ONE of the following questions on Marvin Harriss Life Without Chiefs:
To the extent that political leadership exists in foraging societies, it is exercised by headmen (informal leaders). How does Harris describe headmen, the extent of their power, and how they exercise it? Among the Eskimo (Inuit)? The !Kung? The Mehinachu?
How could nonconformists, malcontents, and freeloaders be controlled in foraging societies?
Big Man. Describe the progression of activities carried out in a Siuai mans efforts to become a mumi. Assuming a man succeeds, what will he face for his lifetime? What does mumihood NOT confer on such a man?
Big Man to Chief. What characteristics of resources increase the chance for the transition of Big Man to Chief? Describe the transition as outlined by Harris. How was the status eventually viewed? What had the Big Man become?
Among the Cherokee, the council of chiefs had a paramount chief who controlled redistribution. Who donated to the chiefs granaries? What were the functions of the granaries? Who had access to them? What did they have to acknowledge? How did the chiefs lifestyle set them apart from the commoners? What other kinds of communal activities did commoners engage in under the direction of chiefs? What did chiefdoms eventually evolve into?
Please answer ONE of the following questions on Axel Weingrod’s Dry Bones :
The author writes “nations require symbols of power, past glories and awe that can overcome the roars of discord and contention which periodically appear to threaten their existence.” What does this mean? Can you give an example of such a symbol from your own nation?
How does the author say struggles between archaeologists and religious groups over bones reflect political struggles?
What are some of the aspects of the struggles over the political meanings of bones that the author says are unique to Israel?
What are some examples of the political meanings or uses of bones outside of Israel?
After reading William O. Beeman’s Anthropology and the Myths of American Foreign Policy please answer ONE of the following questions:
The “binary” myth that Beeman argues the state department has dates from the Cold War. Do you think American politicians think in non-binary ways now, or have they just changed the names of the bad guys?
Is the belief system described by Beeman limited to the U.S. state department, or does it extend to other levels of society? That is, do these myths express more general American ways of looking at the world?
If Beeman is right, why would the U.S. or Iran adhere to a system of belief that is actively detrimental to their interests? Why would officials in both countries continue to view the world through ethnocentric lenses even when things dont come out the way they want them to?
What do you think of Beeman’s call for anthropology to be a policy science? Do you think his recommendations would have any real effect? Why or why not?
After reading L. Kaifa Roland, Chap. 4 Tourism and Belonging in Cuban Color in Tourism and La Lucha , answer ONE of the following questions:
How does Cuban inability to patronize tourist hotels underline the contradictions of the Special Period in contemporary Cuba?
How do Cubans and experience Cubas growing tourist industry very differently from international tourists? Can you relate this back to tourism in Jamaica as depicted in the film Life and Debt?
What does Roland mean by tourist apartheid and what insights does it provide into what she calls privilege and place? What was the original apartheid system and what was its purpose?
Who are the sexual conquistadores in Cuba and how to they perceive and interact with Cuban women (and men)? How do Cubans, in turn, perceive them?
Who are the yumas and bisneros and what is the yuma/jinetero dynamic? What insight does this relationship provide into commoditization and the desire to participate in the global community?
Identify and discuss belonging and exclusion, visibility and invisibility as illustrated through tourism in Cuba?
Answer one question from each reading. Be sure to indicate which question you are answering.
Please answer ONE of the following questions on Margo DeMello’s The Convict Body: Tattooing among Male American Prisoners.
According to DeMello, the loca is one of the most important kind of tattoos for men in prison. Why? What does it signify and why is that important?
What is “the convict body” and how do tattoos “construct” it?
DeMello argues that the body is “a site on which gender, ethnicity and class are symbolically marked” and that tattoos can play a part in this process, and in extending the range of social symbols inscribed on the body. Can you give an example from your own experience of tattoos marking social categories?
Please answer ONE of the following questions on Petersons The Jinn and the Computer: Consumptions and Identity in Arabic Childrens Magazines:
What does Peterson mean by “social futures”?
If personal computers are out of reach of most families who read Arabic children’s magazines, why do they appear to play such a large role in the pages of such magazines?
In addition to social categories of identity like gender, ethnicity and caste, Peterson argues that many Egyptians feel they need to symbolically show their “modernity.” What are some of the ways they do this?
Please also answer ONE of the following questions on Roland, Cuban Color in Tourism and La Lucha, Chap. 5. Of Shorts and Segregated Socialism, and Epilogue Where Are They Now? (pp. 87-101)
In chapter 5, Roland notes, the Cuban government has substituted one form of racial discrimination for another by superimposing the tourist enclave industry on top of revolutionary socialist ideals. She also argues, the revolutionary government has effectively darkened and feminized the Cuban populace through its quest for global capital in the tourism industry. Can you explain in your own words what the author is getting at here? Support your explanation with a specific example.
In chapter 5, Roland reminds us, A key question that Cuban Color raises is whether socialist ideology is compatible with capitalistic practices not only at the systemic level but at the level of everyday citizens. How has she responded to this question ethnographically? Support you response with a specific example.
How, according to Roland, has the commodification of Cuban culture and identity that coincides with tourism challenged the revolutions central objectives of self-determination? What insight does this provide into global capitalism and the observation that we made earlier in this course that culture is contradictory?
When Roland returns to Cuba after a six-year hiatus, what key changes does she find and how does she interpret these?
When Roland returns to Cuba in 2007 she notes some of the key changes in vocabulary that refer to various social roles produced by the tourist encounter and monitored by the Cuban authorities: from jineteros to perros callejeros; from yuma to pieza and pepe/pepa. How does Roland contextualize and interpret this shift?
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