Turing Test on Machines Essay
Turing, Test, Machines, Essay
Respond to one of these prompts and be clear about which one you are referring to:
PROMPT #1: TURING TEST: Is the Turing Test a valid test of artificial intelligence? If you were taking the Turing Test, how could you try to deceive the interrogator into thinking that you are a robot?
PROMPT #2: HARD PROBLEM OF CONSCIOUSNESS: Explain in your own words the hard problem of consciousness and why it is hard. Do you agree with the distinction between easy and hard problems of consciousness?
PROMPT #3: ROBOT MINDS: David Chalmers argues that there are deep philosophical reasons that make it impossible to build a conscious machine. Daniel Dennett thinks that it is possible that robots might someday become conscious. Which argument do you find more persuasive and why?
Student 1: PROMPT #3: ROBOT MINDS: David Chalmers argues that there are deep philosophical reasons that make it impossible to build a conscious machine. Daniel Dennett thinks that it is possible that robots might someday become conscious. Which argument do you find more persuasive and why?
I think Daniel Dennett’s argument that robots may one day become conscious is more convincing. People who believe it is impossible to build a conscious robot argue that robots are inorganic and that consciousness can only exist in an organic brain. But there are already robots made of organic molecules.
Back in 2018, chemists at the University of Glasgow in the United Kingdom have designed an artificial intelligence organic chemosynthesis robot to automatically explore a large number of chemical reactions. The team simulated about 1,000 reactions by using combinations of 18 different apocalyptic chemicals.
After exploring about 100 possible reactions, the robot composed of organic molecules was able to predict with more than 80% accuracy which initial chemical combinations should be explored to produce new reactions and molecules. Scientists at New York University have developed a molecular robot with legs that can walk on a plate. It is an organic polymer composed of 26 amino acids. So robots may one day become conscious.
It has also been proposed that robots are purely physical things, while consciousness requires immaterial thinking things. In the history of science, many phenomena seem mysterious at first but can eventually be explained by physical science. Such as thunder, rain and gravity. It is also possible that consciousness will be explained by physical science in the future.
It has been suggested that robots are artifacts, and that consciousness hates artifacts. Only natural things, not made by nature, can show true consciousness. Based on Dennett’s response, I believe that robots are conscious as long as they function and behave the same way as conscious people by passing the Turing test.
That is, as long as a robot can pass the Turing test, it is conscious. Computer program Eugene Gustman passed the 65-year-old Turing Test for the first time in 2014 at the prestigious Royal Society in London. This strongly suggests that there are robots that can pass the Turing test, that there are conscious robots.
Not all robots are unconscious. Others claim that robots are too simple to be conscious. But modern scientists have built replacements for complex organs from simple parts. For example, artificial heart valves, artificial ears and artificial eyes. These complex organ replacements show that it is possible to replace parts of the brain with robots built of parts.
Already, researchers have developed small – and nano-scale robots that can move around the body, communicate with each other, perform tasks and degrade when they’re done. In addition, cognitive scientist Daniel Dennett argues that our brains are machines, made up of billions of tiny “robots” — our neurons, or brain cells.
I couldn’t agree more with him. In our daily lives, we can think of brain cells as “robots” that respond to chemical signals. The motor proteins created by brain cells are also robots. All in all, with the efforts of scientists, conscious robots may become a reality one day.
Student 2: Prompt 3: Robt Minds
When it comes to the possibility of consciousness with robots, I find Daniel Dennett’s argument more convincing. I agree with him that no one really knows consciousness. We may know that we are conscious, but we can’t really completely explain it fully. This leaves open the possibility of interoperating it in different ways.
I believe like Dennett that robots are becoming more complicated. If we look and compare chips today to the Cog of his time we can see how much has changed. Overall if we look at the evolution of cpus from the 486’s from the 80’s, the Pentiums of the 90’s, the first dual cores of the 00’s, to the multicore ARM and x64’s of today we can see huge generational improvements in a short window.
This shows the potential of CPU’s powering future robots. Algorithms are already becoming so advance at learning our preferences. All this self-learning could potentially lead to robots becoming aware and pass the Turing Test. Although I do not think it will happen in our lifetime, I do see the technological singularity eventually happening.